Qualitative Filter Papers-Standard Grades
Grade 1: 11 µm
The most widely used filter paper for routine applications with medium retention and flow rate. Extended range of sizes includes 10 to 500 mm diameter circles and 460 x 570 mm sheets.
This grade covers a wide range of laboratory applications and is frequently used for clarifying liquids. Traditionally the grade is used in qualitative analytical separations for precipitates such as lead sulfate, calcium oxalate (hot), and calcium carbonate.
In agriculture, it is used for soil analysis and seed testing procedures. In the food industry, Grade 1 is used for numerous routine techniques to separate solid foodstuffs from associated liquid or extracting liquid and is widely used in education for teaching simple qualitative analytical separations.
In air pollution monitoring, using circles or rolls, atmospheric dust is collected from airflow and the stain-intensity measured photometrically. For gas detection, the paper is impregnated with a chromogenic reagent and color formation quantified by optical reflectance.
Grade 2: 8 µm
Slightly more retentive than Grade 1 with a corresponding increase in filtration time (i.e., slightly slower filtration speed). More absorbent than Grade 1. In addition to general filtration in the 8 µm particle size range, the extra absorbency is utilized, for example, to hold soil nutrient in plant growth trials. Also used for monitoring specific contaminants in the atmosphere and in soil testing.
Grade 3: 6 µm
Double the thickness of Grade 1 with still finer particle retention and excellent loading capacity; more precipitate can be held without clogging. The extra thickness gives increased wet strength and makes this grade highly suitable for use in Büchner funnels. The high absorbency is particularly valuable when the paper is used as a sample carrier.
Grade 4: 20-25 µm
Extremely fast filtering with excellent retention of coarse particles and gelatinous precipitates such as ferric hydroxide and aluminum hydroxide. Very useful as a rapid filter for routine clean-up of biological fluids or organic extracts during analysis. Used when high flow rates in air pollution monitoring are required and the collection of fine particles is not critical.
Grade 5: 2.5 µm
The maximum degree of fine particle filtration in the qualitative range. Capable of retaining the fine precipitates encountered in chemical analysis. Slow flow rate. Excellent clarifying filter for cloudy suspensions and for water and soil analysis.
Grade 6: 3 µm
Twice as fast as Grade 5 with similar fine particle retention. Often specified for boiler water analysis applications.
Grade 591: 7-12 µm
A thick filter paper with very high loading capacity for fast filtration of medium to coarse precipitates. Offers high absorbency and increased wet strength.
Grade 595: 4-7 µm
Very popular, thin filter paper, medium-fast with medium to fine particle retention. Used for many routine analytical applications in different industries, (e.g., particle separation from food extracts or filtration of solids from digested environmental samples, e.g., for ICP/AAS analysis).
Grade 597: 4-7 µm
A medium fast filter paper with medium to fine particle retention. Used for a wide variety of analytical routine applications in different industries like food testing (e.g., determination of fat content) or removal of carbon dioxide and turbidity from beverages (e.g., beer analysis).
Grade 598: 8-10 µm
A thick filter paper with high loading capacity. Combines medium retention with medium-fast to fast filtration speed.
Grade 602 h: < 2 µm
A dense filter paper for collecting very small particles and removing fine precipitates. Used in sample preparation, e.g., in the beverage industry for residual sugar determination, acidic spectra, refractometric analysis, and HPLC.